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dc.contributor.authorSanyal, Sanghamitra
dc.contributor.authorSett, P. K.
dc.descriptionSanyal, Sanghamitra, Human Resource Group, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Calcutta, India; Sett, P.K., Human Resource Group, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Calcutta, India
dc.descriptionISSN/ISBN - 09585192
dc.descriptionDOI - 10.1080/09585192.2011.538969
dc.description.abstractEnvironmental uncertainties can impact the market value of a firm's human assets both positively and negatively, and make return on human assets uncertain over time. However, the strategic human resourcemanagement (SHRM) literature has so far focused almost exclusively only on the upside value of human assets of a firm. Real options theory can provide the process heuristics as well as the economic logic for guiding investments in human assets to create sustainable market value for firms operating in uncertain environments. In spite of the growth in popularity of the real options approach, no meaningful progress, however, has been made towards application of this approach to HRM. This study, using data from 108 IT software development firms in India, seeks to address this gap and make three important contributions to the SHRM literature: (1) operationalise the concept of HR options by identifying the HR practices that possess option value; (2) investigate how use of HR options affects firm-level performance; and (3) develop and test a causal model that links the various types of HR options that firms use to exploit uncertainties faced by them with the firm-level operational and financial outcomes. The results support the central hypothesis of the article that use of HR options by firms operating in uncertain environments would have positive impact on their operational and financial performance. Significant differenceswere observed in the nature of linkages between different types of HR options used to address different types of uncertainties, and the operational and financial performance of the firm. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.
dc.publisherInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
dc.subjectEnvironmental dynamism
dc.subjectFirm performance
dc.subjectHR options
dc.subjectReal options theory
dc.subjectStrategic HRM
dc.titleApplying real options theory to HRM: An empirical study of IT software firms in India
Appears in Collections:Human Resource Management

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