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Title: Bioprospecting: Promoting and Regulating Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing
Authors: Afreen, Shamama
Abraham, Biju Paul
Keywords: Bioprospecting
Convention on Biological Diversity (1992)
Genetic resources utilization
Biotechnology -- Economic aspects
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Kolkata
Series/Report no.: Vol.36;No.3
Abstract: Advances in biotechnology and associated areas have increased the value of biodiversity and related knowledge of indigenous communities, and lent impetus to global bioprospecting activities. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) put in place a framework for regulation of such activities and replaced the existing regime of free access to bioresources with a framework where indigenous communities would be compensated for use of their knowledge, innovation and practices. Member nations have put in place, or are in the process of establishing, national and regional measures to operationalise the principles of the Convention, regulating bioprospecting in such a way as to ensure that access to their genetic resources and subsequent benefit sharing are on mutually agreed terms based on prior informed consent (PIC) of resource providers. This paper looks at bioprospecting and discusses how such activities can be encouraged in a manner that benefits local communities. It also analyzes various legislative, private legal and nonlegislative measures that can be adopted to set up a regulatory regime that controls access and ensures benefit sharing.
Description: Biosketch: Afreen, Shamama, Centre for Sustainable Technologies, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore 560 012 ; Abraham, Biju Paul, Public Policy & Management Group, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta Joka, Diamond Harbour Road, Kolkata 700 104
p121-158. 38p. 1 Diagram, 3 Charts.
ISSN: 0304-0941
Appears in Collections:Issue 3, December 2009

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