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Title: A Year After Amphan (Documentary film 2021 of Amphan Cyclone)
Authors: Das, Arunava
IIM Calcutta
Keywords: Amphan
Issue Date: 30-Aug-2021
Publisher: Youtube
Abstract: This is a Documentary film about Amphan Cyclone and its effect in IIM Calcutta. The Creator Mr. Arunava Das, Senior Administrative Officer, IIM Calcutta has presented each and every situations after the cyclone and its damages and how the Institute tackled all those awkward conditions.
Description: Super Cyclonic Storm Amphan (/ˈɑːmpɑːn/) was a powerful and catastrophic tropical cyclone that caused widespread damage in Eastern India, specifically West Bengal, Odisha and in Bangladesh in May 2020. It was the strongest tropical cyclone to strike the Ganges Delta since Sidr of the 2007 season and the first super cyclonic storm to have formed in the Bay of Bengal since the 1999 Odisha cyclone. It was also the fourth super cyclone that hit West Bengal and Kolkata since 1582, after 1737, 1833 and 1942, as well as being one of the strongest storm to impact the area.[1][2][3] Causing over US$13 billion of damage, Amphan is also the costliest cyclone ever recorded in the North Indian Ocean, surpassing the record held by Cyclone Nargis of 2008.[4] The first tropical cyclone of the 2020 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, Amphan originated from a low-pressure area persisting a couple hundred miles (300 km) east of Colombo, Sri Lanka, on 13 May 2020. Tracking northeastward, the disturbance organized over exceptionally warm sea surface temperatures; the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) upgraded the system to a tropical depression on 15 May while the India Meteorological Department (IMD) followed suit the following day. On 17 May, Amphan underwent rapid intensification and became an extremely severe cyclonic storm within 12 hours. On 18 May, at approximately 12:00 UTC, Amphan reached its peak intensity with 3-minute sustained wind speeds of 240 km/h (150 mph), 1-minute sustained wind speeds of 260 km/h (160 mph), and a minimum central barometric pressure of 920 mbar (27.17 inHg). The storm began an eyewall replacement cycle shortly after it reached its peak intensity, but the continued effects of dry air and wind shear disrupted this process and caused Amphan to gradually weaken as it paralleled the eastern coastline of India. On 20 May, between 10:00 and 11:00 UTC, the cyclone made landfall in West Bengal. At the time, the JTWC estimated Amphan's 1-minute sustained winds to be 155 km/h (95 mph). Amphan rapidly weakened once inland and dissipated shortly thereafter. Coastal areas in West Bengal comprising East Midnapore, North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Kolkata, Hooghly and Howrah as well as Odisha were affected by the cyclone. It also caused significant destruction in Bangladesh.[5]
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