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Title: Developing a coherent global view for post disaster situation awareness using opportunistic network
Authors: Mukherjee, Apratim
Basu, Souvik
Roy, Siuli
Bandyopadhyay, Somprakash
Keywords: Coherent global view
Disaster management
Opportunistic network
Situation analysis
Situational awareness
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: SCOPUS
2015 7th International Conference on Communication Systems and Networks, COMSNETS 2015 - Proceedings
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Abstract: Situational awareness is a critical component in a post-disaster recovery operation for assessment of needs and identification of available resources at different parts of a disaster-affected area. This information, in turn, may help the relief agencies to appropriately coordinate, manage and channelize their resources. A major hindrance in developing such global situational awareness is the non-uniform interaction pattern of relief workers. Volunteers in a particular region have much better knowledge of the local situation than those belonging to regions further away. This information asymmetry leads to deviation in perceptions of volunteers working in different regions, thereby affecting the resource distribution process. Thus, a unified global situational view of the entire disaster affected area is essential to bridge the perception gap of volunteers and to help them develop a common understanding of the actual scenario. In this paper, we propose a scheme for developing such a coherent global view of the post-disaster situation using local situational information in a smart-phone based delay tolerant peer-to-peer network environment.We focus on generating a comprehensive view which is consistent for all workers irrespective of their location or mobility. The proposed scheme takes into account the spatial locality and spatial regularity properties of human mobility and uses a concept of 'opportunistic knowledge injection' to disseminate local situational knowledge to other remote areas without significant network overhead. The effectiveness of the proposal is evaluated on the ONE simulator. © 2015 IEEE.
Description: Mukherjee, Apratim, Department of CSE, Michigan State University, United States; Basu, Souvik, Computer Application Centre, Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata, India; Roy, Siuli, Computer Application Centre, Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata, India; Bandyopadhyay, Somprakash, MIS Group, IIM, Calcutta, Kolkata, India
ISSN/ISBN - 978-147998439-8
DOI - 10.1109/COMSNETS.2015.7098676
Appears in Collections:Management Information Systems

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