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|Nisigandha Bhuyan, Department of Business Ethics & Communication, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Kolkata
|ISSN/ISBN - 978-1-922069-19-1
|Social contract model though originally envisioned for justifying state control over citizens is being recently explored as a model of morality, especially morality in business. It stands merit over other moral theories primarily because it ensures consent of all rational participants. So the process of moral reasoning is democratic and takes into account the pre contract discord in our „original state of existence? and aims to provide a solution for the existing conditions of dissension and disparity. The authors think that Integrative Social Contracts Theory (ISCT), an emerging theory, has the promising potential to deal with many of the ethical questions of not only artifactual institution of business, but also issues in the wider areas of our socio-political living, namely public policy. The emphasis on extant contracts of relevant community, and the test of the authenticity and legitimacy of the community norms that are the outcome of these extant contracts, are unique to the features of ISCT. Public policies formulated by the democratic nation states undergo certain phases of evolution of rage and resistance to acceptance and implementation. The challenge has always been the fairness of principles that treats everyone?s interest equally. Rawls? “veil of ignorance” is a fantastic method for working out fair principles but lacks practicality. Rationality is a more practical tool and helps achieve a plausible fairness. Democracy is the most adhered system of governance because it is based on the human values of equality and freedom. Contract, as a framework as well as a procedure entails best results when it occurs among free and equal individuals. Hence, both democracy as a system and contract as a tool has certain mechanisms and objectives in common. This paper examines the process of introduction, change, renewal of public policy of controlling tobacco marketing and the underlying social contract.
|3rd Asia-Pacific Business Research Conference
|Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
|Public Policies of Controlling Tobacco Marketing: The Process of Evolution of a Social Contract
|Appears in Collections:
|Business Ethics and Communication Group
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